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Indonesia links church attacks to local ISIL-inspired group

At least 13 killed in bombings at three churches in Surabaya carried out by members of one family, police say.

Indonesia church

At least 13 people were killed and more than 40 wounded in separate suicide attacks by one family on three churches in Indonesia's second-largest city.

Police said the bombings were carried out by six family members, including two young children, on Sunday in Surabaya, about 800km west of Indonesia's capital, Jakarta. The blasts occurred minutes apart as worshippers headed into the churches for services.

At least seven people plus the six bombers died in the attacks in Surabaya, according to police.

The bombings were the worst to target churches in Indonesia since a series of attacks on Christmas Eve in 2000 killed 15 people and wounded nearly 100.

"This act is barbaric and beyond the limits of humanity, causing victims among members of society, the police and even innocent children," President Joko Widodo said during a visit to the scene.

A spokesperson for the country's intelligence agency said Sunday's bombings were suspected to have been carried out by an ISIL-inspired group, Jemaah Ansharut Daulah (JAD). 

Abu Bakar Bashir, JAD's leader, pledged allegiance to Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in 2014. 

The group has committed smaller attacks over the last few years, but Sunday's was the largest and most coordinated in Indonesia in the last decade.

The attacks took place during Sunday morning church services. The wife of one of the victims said the attack took place shortly before the Sunday service was about to start.

"They were about to celebrate mass. My husband was opening doors and welcoming people," she said.

READ MORE: Prison riot in Indonesia leaves police officers dead

No church services will be allowed because the authorities suspect more attacks could happen.

The attacks come days after prisoners linked to ISIL killed five members of an elite counter-terrorism force during a 36-hour standoff at a high security jail on the outskirts of the capital.

Bali attacks

In 2002, more than 200 people were killed in a string of bombings on the Indonesian island of Bali. The attack, carried out by a group with ties to al-Qaeda, targeted mostly tourists at popular nightclubs in the city of Kuta.

Since then, Indonesian police have arrested and killed hundreds of people with links to Jemaah Islamiyah, the group responsible for those bombings.

"Police have been celebrating sort of a victory over the last couple of years and a lot of people were more relaxed now," Vaessen said.

Writer and journalist Michael Vatikiotis said a substantial number of ISIL-members might reside in Indonesia.

"After the fall of Marawi in the southern Philippines many of them [the fighters] have probably washed back into Indonesia," Vatikiotis said.

"On top of that, there's probably been a greater directive from whatever is left of ISIL in Iraq and Syria to start operations in Indonesia and the Philippines," he added.

Christian minority

Sunday's attacks were denounced by the two largest Islamic organisations in the country, Nahdlatul Ulama and Muhammadiyah.

READ MORE: Three dead confirmed in Jakarta double bombing

In a statement, Nahdlatul Ulama said: "There is no place for terrorism, not here, not anywhere." 

The organisation also called on people to report any suspicious behaviour that might be related to any future attacks.

Although Indonesia prides itself on being a multi-religious country, Christians have been targeted more regularly in the last couple of years.

About 10 percent of Indonesia's 261 million people are Christian. The country boasts the world's largest Muslim population, about 227 million people.

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