World powers have pressurised Europe to take strong measures to fix its debt-heavy economy and restore growth to a level that would lift the cloud hanging over the fragile global recovery.
The IMF's governing panel said on Saturday that the euro area must cut government debt burdens, make bold economic reforms and stabilize its financial systems to restore growth, just a day after top economies agreed to lend more money to the International Monetary Fund to help contain Europe's debt crisis
Debt problems will resurface unless these steps are taken, Tharman Shanmugaratnam, the head of the IMF's governing panel and Singapore's finance minister, warned.
"What was really critical in all our minds was to get back to normal growth over the medium term and preferably sooner rather than later, in other words within two to three years," he told a news conference.
"If we don't get back to normal growth, if we don't get GDP back to its potential levels, than fiscal sustainability is not possible either," he warned.
Piling on the pressure
In its policy statement the IMF panel warned against overly harsh budget cuts that could have negative consequences.
"In advanced economies further actions are needed in many countries to achieve credible fiscal consolidation and government debt reduction, while avoiding excessively contractionary fiscal policies," it said.
The United States also piled on pressure.
"The success of the next phase of the crisis response will hinge on Europe's willingness and ability, together with the European Central Bank to apply its tools ... flexibly and aggressively to support countries as they implement reforms," Timothy Geithner, the US Treasury Secretary, told the IMF's steering committee.
The committee called upon central banks in advanced economies to retain their accommodative monetary policies, as long as growth remains weak and inflationary expectations under control.
ECB officials resisted pressure at the meetings in Washington to do more to help the euro zone economy, which is at risk of a recession. The IMF last week said the ECB should cut interest rates further from their current level of 1 percent.
Europe was not the only economy under heightened scrutiny for excessive budget deficits that if left unaddressed could threaten global growth.
"The United States and Japan in particular need to tackle their public deficits and debt," Wolfgang Schaeuble, the German finance minister, told his fellow finance ministers.
"This requires a credible medium-term strategy. We understand the political constraints but there is no way around it and there is urgency," Schaeuble said, echoing the IMF's recommendations.
Europe, however, presents the most urgent challenge and was the only economy singled out for policy advice by the IMF panel.
Jun Azumi, Japan's finance minister, said strengthening the IMF's war chest for crisis fighting only buys Europe time.
The recent rises in European sovereign debt yields indicate the debt problems continue to pose "considerable" risk to the global economy, he said, as he warned the European policymakers must remain vigilant in their actions.
"Policymakers of individual countries should avoid slipping into complacency and exploit the temporary breathing space that was acquired by the efforts made so far," Azumi said.
Investors are more concerned about the situation in Europe than elsewhere. Spanish and Italian bonds faced pressure on Friday. The yield on Spain's 10-year bond topped 6 per cent before retreating..
The IMF committee called on members to ratify "expeditiously" a 2010 plan to increase the representation on emerging economies on the IMF's executive board to better reflect their growing clout in the world economy. Brazil had pressed this point as essential before it agreed to more IMF funding.
The voting reforms are unlikely to get approved by the IMF's October meetings unless Washington, facing a bitter presidential election race, can persuade Congress to agree.
"I did not hear any clear announcement from the US that they will be able to deliver before the annual meetings," Schaeuble said, adding that Europe will have agreed by then.
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|Timothy V. Gatto|
|William A. Cook|